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【晶闻社】Kids News & 教育新闻284期【晶晶读中英文故事】

2022年04月16日 09:36:34148100
  晶闻社284期 4/2/2022   总编:刘晶晶   副总编:常家睿   副总编:方可滢   晶议见闻主编:卢可可   晶彩趣闻主编:王雨乐   晶品漫谈主编:陈晶露   晶津乐道主编:张乐嘉   晶采新知主编:贺英博   晶彩再现主编:雷岸汀   编辑/校对:全全   晶议见闻   一,康涅狄格州的12所社区学院合并为康涅狄格州州立社区大学   https://www.ct.edu/ctstate   康涅狄格州的12所社区学院合并为康涅狄格州州立社区大学。CTState的第一学期开学时间为2023年秋季。CTState 计划成为一所全州范围的社区大学,为目前正在运营的所有地点的学生提供服务。教职员工正在合作整合不止一所大学提供的课程。预计大多数当前的课程将在康涅狄格州州立社区大学   的课程中有所体现。康涅狄格州州立社区大学将使用与康涅狄格社区学院系统今天所使用的相同的评分标准。所有12所社区学院和康涅狄格州州立社区大学的成绩单将从始至终提供给学生和校友。   (采编/翻译:常家睿)   The 12 Connecticut community colleges are merging under the name Connecticut State Community College   The 12 Connecticut community colleges are merging under the nameConnecticut State Community College (CT State). CT State’s first semester ofoperation will be Fall 2023. CT State is planned as a state-wide communitycollege serving students in all locations currently operating today. Facultyacross the state are collaborating to consolidate programs that are offered atmore than one college. We anticipate that most current programs will berepresented in the Connecticut State Community College curriculum. CT Statewill be using the same grading scale that the Connecticut Community Collegesystem uses today. Transcripts from all 12 community colleges and CT State willalways be available to students and alumni.   二,青少年创业故事:16岁的企业家和环保活动家迪伦-卡普肖(DylanCapshaw)成为美国最年轻的零售企业主--他的新型花卉业务Stemistry花吧和咖啡实验室将举行盛大的开幕活动   https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/16-year-old-   16岁的迪伦-卡普肖(Dylan Capshaw)开了一家全新形式的花店,名为Stemistry。Stemistry提供由专业花店制作的价格实惠的预制花束,或者允许客户使用独特的自建花束吧设计自己的个性化花束——挑选鲜花,按茎支付,然后在提供一个简单的设计桌面,客户可以在桌面上使用免费工具制作自己的花束。(采编/翻译:卢可可)   16-Year-Old Entrepreneur and Environmental Activist, DylanCapshaw, Becomes Youngest Owner of Retail Business in the U.S. - StemistryFlower Bar and Coffee Lab Set for Grand Opening Event, Reinventing the FlowerBusiness   Dylan Capshaw, 16, has opened a new form of florist calledStemistry. Stemistry offers affordable pre-made bouquets made by professionalflorists or allows customers to design their own personalized bouquet using aunique build-your-own bouquet bar - pick the flowers, pay by the stem. Stemistry then offers a simple design desktop where customers can create their own bouquets using free tools.   晶彩趣闻   三,边生长的树木为何远离海岸,在内陆扎根   https://newsela.com/read/sea-loving-trees-move-inland/id/2001025922/   红树林是一种在沿海地区生长的树木,然而,科学家们却在内陆的热带雨林中发现了它们。这很奇怪,因为该热带雨林离海边有两百公里远,附近没有海水,不知红树林是怎么存活下来的。经过研究发现,这是由于几千年前地球的地理环境和现在不同造成的。那时海洋的水平面比现在高得多,这意味着海岸线位于更内陆的地方,也就是发现红树林的地方。经过DNA分析,以及一些证据表明,内陆的红树林和海边的红树林在几千年前是同一个品种。科学家们还在热带雨林里发现了很久以前也曾在海岸附近生存的其他生物。科学家们认为,海洋在很久以前是和内陆的河流在一起的,随着时间的流逝,它们分成了现在的海洋和内陆河流,这种演变把当时海边的生态系统永远地留在了内陆。(采编:王雨乐翻译:刘凡)   Here’s how some sea-loving trees ended up far from the coast   Mangrovetrees are a species of trees mostly found along sea coasts. Scientists however found these trees inland in the middle of a rainforest. This is strange becausethere's no saltwater nearby. The reason, is due to the geography of the worldthousands of years ago. The water levels were much higher, which means theocean shore would lie much more inland, exactly where these tries are foundtoday. DNA and other evidence show these mangroves had been separated from thecoast one's millenniums ago. The scientists also figured out other organismsused to also be by the coast ages ago. Scientists concluded the ocean was merged with a river ages ago, and now they split apart. This split left ecosystems inland.   四,纤维素   https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/scientists-say-cellulose   糖分子的链接,或特化的糖葡萄糖,称为纤维素。这种链状结构使纤维素成为聚合物。纤维素实际上是地球上最丰富的聚合物。纤维素可以由植物、藻类和某些类型的细菌来合成。纤维素是用于构建植物和藻类细胞壁的主要材料),它使细胞变得坚硬,从而使植物的茎和树枝变得坚固。棉花实际上是 90% 的纤维素,这使其成为最纯净的天然纤维素形式。另一方面,木材由 50% 的纤维素制成。吃植物的动物能够消化纤维素,但人类不能。纤维素仍然是人类饮食的主要组成部分,因为它是一种膳食纤维。膳食纤维有助于食物通过胃部,从而防止食物卡在胃部里。 (采编/翻译:张乐甜)   Cellulose   A link of sugarmolecules, or sugar glucose to be specific, is called cellulose. This type ofchain-like structure is what makes cellulose a polymer. Cellulose is actuallythe most plentiful polymer on the Earth. Cellulose can be made by plants,algae, and certain types of bacteria. Cellulose is the primary material used tobuild the cell walls of plants and algae, which makes the cells rigid,resulting in plant stems and tree branches being sturdy. Cotton is actually 90percent cellulose, which makes it the purest natural forming form of cellulose.Wood, on the other hand, is made of 50 percent cellulose. Plant eating animalsare able to digest cellulose, but humans cannot. Cellulose is still a primarypart of a human’s diet, as it is a dietary fiber. Dietary fibers help to movefood through your stomach, which prevents food from jamming in the stomach.   晶品漫谈   五,BucketList –Santa Fe, New Mexico   https://www.santafe.org/   圣达菲位于 Sangre de Cristo 山脉,是一个美丽的小镇,受强烈的美洲印第安人的影响。在这里,您会看到一个中央广场,供应商出售他们的手工工艺品、普韦布洛风格的建筑、洛雷托教堂等历史遗迹,这些都有助于这座城市的独特感觉。新墨西哥美食的餐厅和乔治亚奥基夫博物馆是您必须参观的一些亮点。(采编/翻译:陈晶露)   Santa Fe, New Mexico   Located by the Sangre de CristoMountains, Santa Fe is a gorgeous small town with a strong Native Americaninfluence. Here you will see a central plaza where vendors sell their handmadecrafts, pueblo-style architecture, historic sites like the Loretto Chapel whichcontribute to the city’s unique feel, and so much moreall throughout the year. Some highlights you must visit when there are therestaurants serving New Mexican cuisine and the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum.   六,Podcast推荐- School of Self-Image   https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/school-of-self-image/id1071406906   School of Self-Image是由Tonya Leigh主持的一个播客,教授女性如何改变对自己的看法。它每周更新一次,感觉就像是一个辅导课程,将为您提供可以实际实施到生活中的建议。由于Tonya能够改变自己的生活,她知道要采取哪些步骤才能让自己变得更加非凡,她每周的建议虽然包含在30分钟的小插曲中,但足以改变你的生活。   (采编/翻译:蔡心悦)   School of Self-Image is a podcast hosted byTonya Leigh that teaches women how to change how they think about themselves.It updates once a week and feels like coaching sessions that will bring youadvice you can realistically implement into your life. As Tonya was able tochange her own life around, she knows what steps to take in order to worktowards seeing yourself as more extraordinary, and her weekly advice, althoughpacked in little 30 minute episodes, will be enough to transform your life.   晶津乐道   七,加利福尼亚大学戴维斯分校-University ofCalifornia, Davis 第5部分   https://www.ucdavis.edu/majors/blog/top-ten-majors   排名前5的专业-2   工程学院   工程学院有 12 个不同工程领域的综合专业课程。通过连接人和技术,学院解决了世界上最紧迫的问题,并培养了下一代工程领导者和企业家。   计算机科学——20.7%   机械工程——12.7%   土木工程——10.4%   电气工程——10.3%   生物医学工程——9.7%   文理学院   我们最大的学院以其文科研究而闻名,有 56 个专业。从健康管理和语言到计算机编程和艺术,它为学生提供各种学科的职业技能培训。   心理学——15.8%   经济学——9.2%   计算机科学——6.7%   沟通——5.6%   政治学——5%   (采编/翻译 方可滢)   Top 5 majors by colleges-2   College of Engineering   The College of Engineering welcomes students with itscomprehensive major tracks in 12 diverseengineering fields. By connecting people and technology, the college solves theworld’s most pressing problems and creates the nextgeneration of engineering leaders and entrepreneurs.   Computer science — 20.7 percent   Mechanical engineering — 12.7 percent   Civil engineering — 10.4 percent   Electrical engineering — 10.3 percent   Biomedical engineering — 9.7 percent   College of Letters and Sciences   Our largest college, known for its liberal arts studies,has 56 majors. From health management and languages to computer programming andthe arts, it gives students the skills training for careers in a variety ofdisciplines.   Psychology — 15.8 percent   Economics — 9.2 percent   Computer science — 6.7 percent   Communication — 5.6 percent   Political science — 5 percent   晶采新知   八,科学家发现蟒蛇如何在挤压猎物时不窒息   https://www.sciencenews.org/article/boa-constrictor-snake-squeeze-prey-without-suffocating   通过盘绕猎物,蟒蛇可以在几分钟内将猎物压死,然后将其整个吞下。但以前,科学家并不清楚蟒蛇是怎么在利用如此用力挤压或者吞下像猴子一样大的东西时不让自己窒息的。现在,实验表明,当蟒蛇的胸腔的一部分被压缩—阻止它封闭的肺部分吸入空气—时,蛇可以移动它胸腔的另一部分来使在那里的肺膨胀。生物学家在三只蟒蛇的肋骨上植入了金属标记,大约在动物身体的半处与三分之一处。研究人员在X射线视频中跟踪这些标记,随之绘制出蛇肺不同部位的肋骨运动图。在这些视频中,该团队将血压带子缠绕在动物身体的不同部位。科学家们随后增加了袖带的压力,直到那个区域的肋骨不能移动位置,模仿蛇用身体的那个部位抓住或吞下猎物的效果。蛇在身体向下约三分之一处被带子缠绕时,会通过将一些肋骨移近尾巴来呼吸。当将带子裹在身体的一半左右时,蛇会通过将一些肋骨移近头部来呼吸。(采编/翻译:贺英博)   How boa constrictors squeeze their dinner without suffocatingthemselves   By coiling around its prey, a boa constrictor can squeeze the lifeout of a victim in mere minutes before gulping it down whole. But it’s beenunclear just how Boa constrictor squeezes so hard — or swallows something asbig as a monkey — without suffocating itself. Now, experiments show that whenone part of a boa constrictor’s rib cage is compressed — preventing the part ofits lungs enclosed there from drawing in air — the snake can move anothersection of its rib cage to inflate its lungs there. Biologists implantedmetal markers on the ribs of three boa constrictors, about one-third andhalfway down the animals’ bodies. Tracking those markers in X-ray videos of theanimals let the researchers map rib motions over different parts of the snakes’lungs. In these videos, the team wrapped a blood pressure cuff around differentparts of the animals’ bodies. Then, the scientists increased the cuff’spressure until the rib cage couldn’t move in that area — mimicking the effectof a snake using that part of its body to grip or gulp down prey. When grippedby a cuff about one-third of the way down their body, snakes breathed by movingsome ribs closer to their tails. When wrapped in a cuff about halfway downtheir body, snakes breathed by moving some ribs closer to their heads.   九,光污染   https://www.sciencenews.org/article/light-pollution-sea-ocean-new-maps   人类讨厌在黑暗中。晚上看看外面,路灯,汽车前灯,人们窗外的灯光,甚至门廊灯。这种无处不在的过量光被称为光污染。众所周知,人造光会影响陆地生物,例如使某些昆虫种群膨胀或缩小,或者使麻雀更难抵抗西尼罗河病毒。然而,最近的研究表明,光污染对野生动物的影响不仅限于陆生动物,它也会影响海洋生物。为了研究这种影响,一组研究人员分析了人工夜空亮度以及海洋和大气数据的世界地图集。然后,他们利用这些数据分析了光污染对桡足类的影响,桡足类是无处不在的虾类生物,是许多海洋食物网链的关键部分。研究小组发现,在上层水域,人造光的强度足以在近 200 万平方公里的海洋中引起生物反应。向下 20 米,这个数字缩小到不到一半。(采编/翻译:张乐嘉)   Light Pollution   Human hate being in the dark. Just look outside at night,streetlamps, car headlights, the lights coming out of people’s windows, andeven porch lamps. This excess amount of light everywhere is called lightpollution. Artificial lights are known to affect land dwellers, such asby swelling or shrinking certain insect populations, or by making it harder forsparrows to fight off the West Nile virus. However, recent studies haveshown light pollution’s effect on wildlife isn’t limited to land-dwellinganimals, it affects marine life as well. To study the effect, a group ofresearchers analyzed a world atlas of artificial night sky brightness and oceanand atmosphere data. Then, they used that data to analyze light pollution’seffect on specifically copepods, ubiquitous shrimplike creatures that are a keypart of many oceans food webs. The team found that in the top meter ofwater, artificial light is intense enough to cause a biological response acrossnearly 2 million square kilometers of ocean. 20 meters down, that numbershrinks to less than half.   晶彩再现   十,约翰洛克全球征文大赛   https://www.johnlockeinstitute.com/essay-competition   约翰洛克学院鼓励年轻人培养将好学生变成伟大作家的特质:独立思考、知识渊博、推理清晰、批判性分析和有说服力的风格。他们的作文比赛邀请学生探索超出学校课程范围的各种具有挑战性和有趣的问题。在他们的比赛中提交论文可以增加知识,并提高论证技巧。它还让学生有机会让专家评估他们的工作。他们所有的论文奖都由牛津大学的资深学者评判。评委将从每个学科类别中选择他们最喜欢的论文,并在七个学科中选择一篇总体“最佳论文”:哲学、政治、经济学、历史、心理学、神学和法律。   2022 年全球征文比赛的提交截止日期是格林威治标准时间(GMT)2022年6月30日星期四晚上11:59。   (采编/翻译:常家旖)   John Locke Global ESSAY Competition   The John Locke Institute encourages young people to cultivate thecharacteristics that turn good students into great writers: independentthought, depth of knowledge, clear reasoning, critical analysis and persuasivestyle. Their Essay Competition invites students to explore a wide range ofchallenging and interesting questions beyond the confines of the schoolcurriculum. Entering an essay in their competition can build knowledge, andrefine skills of argumentation. It also gives students the chance to have theirwork assessed by experts. All of their essay prizes are judged by senioracademics from the University of Oxford. The judges will choose their favouriteessay from each subject category and an overall 'best essay' across sevensubjects: Philosophy, Politics, Economics, History, Psychology, Theology andLaw. Deadline for submissions for the 2022 Global Essay Competition isThursday, 30 June 2022 at 11:59pm, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).   Tips   1、晶闻社采用的新闻不接受任何形式的广告   欢迎提供教育新闻线索   2、欢迎您留下想了解的教育问题   3、任何建议您可以联系:微信ca-sun
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